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1966年2月，在地面上，成功獲得大規模增兵的驻越美军最高司令官威廉·威斯特摩兰將軍发动一系列「搜剿与摧毁（search and destroy）」战略战术取代“墨渍”方案。核心是以南越军守点保线，美军深入越柬、越老边境，对南越共长时间的反复“扫荡”，切断越共从老挝柬埔寨获得补给的交通线。威斯特摩兰相信如以「德浪河谷战役」時那樣，以大規模火力消耗敵軍人力，北越最終將被迫认输。同時，北越军队则执行武元甲的消耗战略，在精心准备的有利地形下吸引美军进攻，激战至伤亡达到一定程度後就撤离战场。北越已做好准备承受巨大的伤亡，并且坚信无限制的消耗战最终会迫使美国人撤出越南。此時不論是威斯特摩兰將軍或華盛頓的政治人物都不斷表示美軍正在取得勝利。但战术上的胜利无助于改变美国的困境。因此，美國開始透過南越政府軍一些美軍來進行和平化政策，希望加強對已控制住的鄉下地帶的統治及治安，避免再度被越共滲透，從1968年北越春節攻勢的結果可以看出有所成效。
↑ 柯蒂斯·李梅上将的原话：“They've got to draw in their horns and stop their aggression, or we're going to bomb them back into the Stone Age. And we would shove them back into the Stone Age with Air power or Naval power—not with ground forces.”
↑ . Library of Congress. 1992. Throughout the 1960s and 1970s, Bulgaria gave official military support to many national liberation causes, most notably in the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, (North Vietnam)...
↑ . nps.gov. (citing The first American ground combat troops landed in South Vietnam during March 1965, specifically the U.S. Third Marine Regiment, Third Marine Division, deployed to Vietnam from Okinawa to defend the Da Nang, Vietnam, airfield. During the height of U.S. military involvement, 31 December 1968, the breakdown of allied forces were as follows: 536,100 U.S. military personnel, with 30,610 U.S. military having been killed to date; 65,000 Free World Forces personnel; 820,000 South Vietnam Armed Forces (SVNAF) with 88,343 having been killed to date. At the war's end, there were approximately 2,200 U.S. missing in action (MIA) and prisoners of war (POW). Source: Harry G. Summers, Jr. Vietnam War Almanac, Facts on File Publishing, 1985.)
↑ Soames, John. A History of the World, Routledge, 2005.
↑ Dunnigan, James & Nofi, Albert: Dirty Little Secrets of the Vietnam War: Military Information You're Not Supposed to Know. St. Martin's Press, 2000, p. 284. ISBN 978-0-312-25282-3.
1 2 Shenon, Philip. . The New York Times. 1995-04-23 [2011-02-24]. The Vietnamese government officially claimed a rough estimate of 2 million civilian deaths, but it did not divide these deaths between those of North and South Vietnam.
↑ . 2008-04-23 [2013-01-05]. From 1955 to 2002, data from the surveys indicated an estimated 5.4 million violent war deaths ... 3.8 million in Vietnam
1 2 3 Desbarats, Jacqueline. "Repression in the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Executions and Population Relocation", from The Vietnam Debate (1990) by John Morton Moore. "We know now from a 1985 statement by Nguyen Co Tach that two and a half million, rather than one million, people went through reeducation....in fact, possibly more than 100,000 Vietnamese people were victims of extrajudicial executions in the last ten years....it is likely that, overall, at least one million Vietnamese were the victims of forced population transfers."
Duiker, William J. The Communist Road to Power in Vietnam (1996).
Duncanson, Dennis J. Government and Revolution in Vietnam (1968).
Fincher, Ernest Barksdale, The Vietnam War (1980).
Ford, Harold P. CIA and the Vietnam Policymakers: Three Episodes, 1962–1968. (1998).
Gerdes, Louise I. ed. Examining Issues Through Political Cartoons: The Vietnam War (2005).
Gettleman, Marvin E.; Franklin, Jane; Young, Marilyn Vietnam and America: A Documented History. (1995).
Hammond, William. Public Affairs: The Military and the Media, 1962–1968 (1987); Public Affairs: The Military and the Media, 1068–1973 (1995). full-scale history of the war by U.S. Army; much broader than title suggests.
Moyar, Mark. Triumph Forsaken: The Vietnam War, 1954–1965, (Cambridge University Press; 412 pages; 2006). A revisionist history that challenges the notion that U.S. involvement in Vietnam was misguided; defends the validity of the domino theory and disputes the notion that Ho Chi Minh was, at heart, a nationalist who would eventually turn against his Communist Chinese allies.
Major General Spurgeon Neel. Medical Support of the U.S. Army in Vietnam 1965–1970 (Department of the Army 1991) official medical history
Nulty, Bernard. The Vietnam War (1998). New York: Barnes and Noble.
Palmer, Bruce, Jr. The Twenty-Five Year War (1984), narrative military history by a senior U.S. general.
Schell, Jonathan. The Time of Illusion (1976).
Schulzinger, Robert D. A Time for War: The United States and Vietnam, 1941–1975 (1997).
Sorley, Lewis, A Better War: The Unexamined Victories and Final Tragedy of America's Last Years in Vietnam (1999), based upon still classified tape-recorded meetings of top level US commanders in Vietnam, ISBN 978-0-15-601309-3
Spector, Ronald. After Tet: The Bloodiest Year in Vietnam (1992), very broad coverage of 1968.
U.S. Department of Defense and the House Committee on Armed Services. U.S.-Vietnam Relations, 1945–1967. Washington, D.C. Department of Defense and the House Committee on Armed Services, 1971, 12 volumes.
Vann, John Paul Quotes from Answers.com Lt. Colonel, U.S. Army, DFC, DSC, advisor to the ARVN 7th Division, early critic of the conduct of the war.