康尼島（英語：），又译科尼島，是位於美國紐約市布魯克林區的半島，原本為一座海島，其面向大西洋的海灘是美國知名的休閒娛樂區域。居民大多集中位於半島的西側，約有六萬人左右，範圍西至希捷社區，東至布萊登海灘和曼哈頓海灘，而北至葛瑞福山德社區。 二十世紀前葉在美國極為知名的太空星際樂園即是以康尼島作為主要的腹地，該樂園在二次大戰後開始衰退，並持續荒廢了許久。在最近幾年，康尼島因為凱斯班公園的開幕而重新繁榮起來，凱斯班公園是職棒小聯盟球隊布魯克林旋風的主要球場。旋風隊在當地十分受到歡迎，每季開賽時都會吸引許多球迷到場觀戰。 ..
Anjos da guarda são os anjos que segundo as crenças cristãs, Deus envia no nosso nascimento para nos proteger durante toda a nossa vida. Argumentase que a Bíblia sustenta em algumas ocasiões a crença do anjo da guarda: "Vou enviar um anjo adiante de ti para ..
Altay Cumhuriyeti (Rusça: Респу́блика Алта́й / Respublika Altay; Altay Türkçesi: Алтай Республика / Altay Respublika), Rusya'nın en güneyinde yer alan, federasyona bağlı bir özerk cumhuriyet. Orta Asya'da Asya kıtasının coğrafî merkezinin hemen kuzeyinde ve ..
沙羅週期長度為18年11天，本週期包含70次日食，其中公元3000年以前有49次。 註：下表各項數據均為食分最大地點的情況。寬度指該地點食甚時刻月球的本影（全食時）或偽本影（環食時）落在地表的寬度，持續時間指該地點食既到生光的時間，即全食或環食的持續時間，全環食（亦稱混合食）發生時，食分最大處為全食。最後兩項參數不適用於偏食。 本周期最終結束於3378年6月17日。
希西家王 (希伯來語：，英語：）是猶大末年的君主，也是猶大國歷史中極尊重上帝的君王，在位29年。終年54歲。他在位的年份有兩種說法：其一是前715年前687年；另一種是前716年前687年。他的德行在其前後的猶大列王中，没有一個能及他。其希伯來名字的意思是“被神加力量”。 希西家的父親亞哈斯是一個背逆上帝的君王。因此在希西家當政之初的猶大國，無論政治，宗教上都极其黑暗。根據《聖經》記載，因为北國以色列被亞述攻滅，亞述王可以趁勢来攻打猶大國；又猶大的先王亞哈斯曾封鎖了聖殿之路，引導舉國崇拜偶像，大大得罪上帝。若非上帝的憐憫，為了堅定向大衛家所說的應許，猶大國的暫得幸存。希西家在二十五歲就登基作王，且正在國家危急之秋，由於行耶和華上帝眼中看為正的事，因而得上帝的憐憫，得以成功脫離亞述大軍的攻擊和一場致死的大病。他樂於聽從當代先知以賽亞的指導，使他為上帝大發熱心。 ..
The OnePlus 2 (also abbreviated as OP2) is a smartphone designed by OnePlus. It is the successor to the OnePlus One. OnePlus revealed the phone on 28 July 2015 via virtual reality, using Google's Cardboard visor and their own app. OnePlus sold out 30,000 units ..
兴隆街镇，是中华人民共和国四川省内江市资中县下辖的一个乡镇级行政单位。 兴隆街镇下辖以下地区： 兴隆街社区、兴松村、玄天观村、三元村、金星村、三皇庙村、双桥村、红庙子村、华光村、高峰村、芦茅湾村、篮家坝村、五马村和解放村。
Национальная и университетская библиотека (словен. Narodna in univerzitetna knjižnica, NUK), основанная в 1774 году, — один из важнейших образовательных и культурных учреждений Словении. Она располагается в центре столицы Любляна, между улицами Турьяшка (Turjaška ..
Mauser M1924 (или M24) — серия винтовок компании Mauser, использовавшихся в армиях Бельгии и Югославии. Внешне напоминают чехословацкие винтовки vz. 24, в которых использовались стандартный открытый прицел, патроны калибра 7,92×57 мм (или 8×57 мм), укороченные ..
第三条道路（英語：），又称新中间路线（Middle Way），是一种走在自由放任资本主义和传统社会主义中间的一种政治经济理念的概称。它由中间派所倡导，是社会民主主义的一个流派，英国工党称其为「现代化的社会民主主义」。它的中心思想是既不主张纯粹的自由市场，也不主张纯粹的社會主義，主张在两者之间取折衷方案。 第三条道路不只单单是走在中间，或只是一种妥协或混合出来的东西，第三条道路的提倡者看到了社会主义和资本主义互有不足之处，所以偏向某一极端也不是一件好事，第三条道路正正是揉合了双方主义的优点，互补不足而成的政治哲学。 ..
In game theory, a player's strategy is any of the options which he or she chooses in a setting where the outcome depends not only on their own actions but on the actions of others.^{[1]} A player's strategy will determine the action which the player will take at any stage of the game.
The strategy concept is sometimes (wrongly) confused with that of a move. A move is an action taken by a player at some point during the play of a game (e.g., in chess, moving white's Bishop a2 to b3). A strategy on the other hand is a complete algorithm for playing the game, telling a player what to do for every possible situation throughout the game.
A strategy profile (sometimes called a strategy combination) is a set of strategies for all players which fully specifies all actions in a game. A strategy profile must include one and only one strategy for every player.
A player's strategy set defines what strategies are available for them to play.
A player has a finite strategy set if they have a number of discrete strategies available to them. For instance, a game of rock paper scissors comprises a single move by each player—and each player's move is made without knowledge of the other's, not as a response—so each player has the finite strategy set {rock paper scissors}.
A strategy set is infinite otherwise. For instance the cake cutting game has a bounded continuum of strategies in the strategy set {Cut anywhere between zero percent and 100 percent of the cake}.
In a dynamic game, the strategy set consists of the possible rules a player could give to a robot or agent on how to play the game. For instance, in the ultimatum game, the strategy set for the second player would consist of every possible rule for which offers to accept and which to reject.
In a Bayesian game, the strategy set is similar to that in a dynamic game. It consists of rules for what action to take for any possible private information.
In applied game theory, the definition of the strategy sets is an important part of the art of making a game simultaneously solvable and meaningful. The game theorist can use knowledge of the overall problem to limit the strategy spaces, and ease the solution.
For instance, strictly speaking in the Ultimatum game a player can have strategies such as: Reject offers of ($1, $3, $5, ..., $19), accept offers of ($0, $2, $4, ..., $20). Including all such strategies makes for a very large strategy space and a somewhat difficult problem. A game theorist might instead believe they can limit the strategy set to: {Reject any offer ≤ x, accept any offer > x; for x in ($0, $1, $2, ..., $20)}.
A pure strategy provides a complete definition of how a player will play a game. In particular, it determines the move a player will make for any situation they could face. A player's strategy set is the set of pure strategies available to that player.
A mixed strategy is an assignment of a probability to each pure strategy. This allows for a player to randomly select a pure strategy. (See the following section for an illustration.) Since probabilities are continuous, there are infinitely many mixed strategies available to a player.
Of course, one can regard a pure strategy as a degenerate case of a mixed strategy, in which that particular pure strategy is selected with probability 1 and every other strategy with probability 0.
A totally mixed strategy is a mixed strategy in which the player assigns a strictly positive probability to every pure strategy. (Totally mixed strategies are important for equilibrium refinement such as trembling hand perfect equilibrium.)

Consider the payoff matrix pictured to the right (known as a coordination game). Here one player chooses the row and the other chooses a column. The row player receives the first payoff, the column player the second. If row opts to play A with probability 1 (i.e. play A for sure), then he is said to be playing a pure strategy. If column opts to flip a coin and play A if the coin lands heads and B if the coin lands tails, then he is said to be playing a mixed strategy, and not a pure strategy.
In his famous paper, John Forbes Nash proved that there is an equilibrium for every finite game. One can divide Nash equilibria into two types. Pure strategy Nash equilibria are Nash equilibria where all players are playing pure strategies. Mixed strategy Nash equilibria are equilibria where at least one player is playing a mixed strategy. While Nash proved that every finite game has a Nash equilibrium, not all have pure strategy Nash equilibria. For an example of a game that does not have a Nash equilibrium in pure strategies, see Matching pennies. However, many games do have pure strategy Nash equilibria (e.g. the Coordination game, the Prisoner's dilemma, the Stag hunt). Further, games can have both pure strategy and mixed strategy equilibria. An easy example is the pure coordination game, where in addition to the pure strategies (A,A) and (B,B) a mixed equilibrium exists in which both players play either strategy with probability 1/2.
During the 1980s, the concept of mixed strategies came under heavy fire for being "intuitively problematic".^{[2]} Randomization, central in mixed strategies, lacks behavioral support. Seldom do people make their choices following a lottery. This behavioral problem is compounded by the cognitive difficulty that people are unable to generate random outcomes without the aid of a random or pseudorandom generator.^{[2]}
In 1991,^{[3]} game theorist Ariel Rubinstein described alternative ways of understanding the concept. The first, due to Harsanyi (1973),^{[4]} is called purification, and supposes that the mixed strategies interpretation merely reflects our lack of knowledge of the players' information and decisionmaking process. Apparently random choices are then seen as consequences of nonspecified, payoffirrelevant exogenous factors. However, it is unsatisfying to have results that hang on unspecified factors.^{[3]}
A second interpretation imagines the game players standing for a large population of agents. Each of the agents chooses a pure strategy, and the payoff depends on the fraction of agents choosing each strategy. The mixed strategy hence represents the distribution of pure strategies chosen by each population. However, this does not provide any justification for the case when players are individual agents.
Later, Aumann and Brandenburger (1995),^{[5]} reinterpreted Nash equilibrium as an equilibrium in beliefs, rather than actions. For instance, in rock paper scissors an equilibrium in beliefs would have each player believing the other was equally likely to play each strategy. This interpretation weakens the predictive power of Nash equilibrium, however, since it is possible in such an equilibrium for each player to actually play a pure strategy of Rock.
Ever since, game theorists' attitude towards mixed strategiesbased results have been ambivalent. Mixed strategies are still widely used for their capacity to provide Nash equilibria in games where no equilibrium in pure strategies exists, but the model does not specify why and how players randomize their decisions.
While a mixed strategy assigns a probability distribution over pure strategies, a behavior strategy assigns at each information set a probability distribution over the set of possible actions. While the two concepts are very closely related in the context of normal form games, they have very different implications for extensive form games. Roughly, a mixed strategy randomly chooses a deterministic path through the game tree, while a behavior strategy can be seen as a stochastic path.
The relationship between mixed and behavior strategies is the subject of Kuhn's theorem. The result establishes that in any finite extensiveform game with perfect recall, for any player and any mixed strategy, there exists a behavior strategy that, against all profiles of strategies (of other players), induces the same distribution over terminal nodes as the mixed strategy does. The converse is also true.
A famous example of why perfect recall is required for the equivalence is given by Piccione and Rubinstein (1997)^{[full citation needed]} with their AbsentMinded Driver game.