European Club Association

The European Club Association (ECA) is a body representing the interests of professional association football clubs in UEFA. It is the sole such body recognised by UEFA, and has member clubs in each UEFA member association. It was formed in 2008 to replace the G-14, which comprised a small number of elite clubs and was unrecognised by UEFA. The ECA's mission statement is "to create a new, more democratic governance model that truly reflects the key role of the clubs". Formed on the dissolution of the G-14 group in January 2008, as from the 2017-19 membership cycle, the European Club Association represents 232 clubs, made up of 109 Ordinary Members and 123 Associated Members, with at least one from each of the 54 national associations. The precise number of Ordinary Member clubs from each member association will be established every two years at the end of the UEFA season on the basis of the UEFA ranking of its member associations according to the following principles: Read all..

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European Club Association
PredecessorG-14
FormationJanuary 2008; 13 years ago (2008-01)
TypeSports organization
HeadquartersSwitzerland Nyon, Switzerland
Membership
232 clubs[1]
Italy Andrea Agnelli
AffiliationsUEFA
Websiteecaeurope.com

The European Club Association (ECA) is a body representing the interests of professional association football clubs in UEFA. It is the sole such body recognised by UEFA, and has member clubs in each UEFA member association. It was formed in 2008 to replace the G-14, which comprised a small number of elite clubs and was unrecognised by UEFA. The ECA's mission statement is "to create a new, more democratic governance model that truly reflects the key role of the clubs".[2]

History

Formed on the dissolution of the G-14 group in January 2008, as from the 2017-19 membership cycle, the European Club Association represents 232 clubs, made up of 109 Ordinary Members and 123 Associated Members, with at least one from each of the 54 national associations. The precise number of Ordinary Member clubs from each member association will be established every two years at the end of the UEFA season on the basis of the UEFA ranking of its member associations according to the following principles:

National Association position in UEFA ranking Number of ECA Ordinary Member clubs
1 to 3 5
4 to 6 4
7 to 15 3
16 to 28 2
29 to 54 1

Karl-Heinz Rummenigge was the acting chairman[3][4] before officially being elected chairman of the ECA when its 103 members met for the first time on the 7–8 July 2008 at UEFA headquarters in Nyon, Switzerland.[5]

In addition to replacing the G-14, which was dissolved in favour of the ECA on 15 February 2008,[6] the new ECA also replaces UEFA's European Club Forum (of which Karl-Heinz Rummenigge was also chairman).[7][8] The European Club Forum utilized a similar membership selection process as the European Club Association, with 102 members picked every two years.[9]

Structure

At the creation of the European Club Association in January 2008, it was agreed that a transitional ECA Board would represent ECA and its 16 founding members until the next General Assembly met at the end of the season, when elections for a new Executive Board would be held. It was decided that the ECA Board would comprise eleven members, in addition to the four representatives appointed by the Executive Board to the UEFA Professional Football Strategy Council. The European Club Association will also provide half of the members of the UEFA Club Competitions Committee.[4]

The transitional ECA Board was Karl-Heinz Rummenigge (Chairman; Bayern Munich), Joan Laporta (Vice-Chairman; Barcelona), John McClelland (Vice-Chairman; Rangers), Umberto Gandini (Vice-Chairman; Milan), Peter Kenyon (Chelsea), Maarten Fontein (AZ) and Jean-Michel Aulas (Lyon).[4]

The ECA Executive Board (2017–2019) currently stands as such: Andrea Agnelli (Juventus), Pedro López Jiménez (Real Madrid), Edwin van der Sar (Ajax), Dariusz Mioduski (Legia Warsaw), Aki Riihilahti (HJK), Ed Woodward (Manchester United), Ivan Gazidis (AC Milan), Josep Maria Bartomeu (FC Barcelona), Nasser Al-Khelaifi (Paris Saint-Germain FC), Jean-Michel Aulas (Olympique Lyonnais), Domingos Soares de Oliveira (S.L. Benfica), Michael Gerlinger (FC Bayern München), Michael Verschueren (Anderlecht), Niclas Carlnén (Malmö FF) and Peter Lawwell (Celtic). Elections for the Executive Board for the 2017–2019 cycle took place at the General Assembly in Geneva in September 2017.

The European Club Association is made up of numerous bodies including working groups, expert panels and committees. These are as follows:

Working Groups

Since the creation of ECA, Working Groups have been an important cornerstone of ECA's organisational structure. They provide active advice and support to the ECA Executive Board and to ECA representatives participating in committees or working groups at UEFA, FIFA and EU level. Their contribution is key and strategic to the association. In addition, they drive membership engagement and communication across the organisation on key issues, challenges and opportunities.[10] All working groups are made up of both Ordinary Member and Associated Member Clubs from all four subdivisions.

Competitions Working Group: Chaired by Umberto Gandini (AS Roma), the Competitions Working Group aims to lead the management and control of the club competitions through the relevant UEFA and FIFA club football committees.[10]

Finance Working Group: Chaired by ECA Executive Board Member Michael Verschueren (RSC Anderlecht), the Finance Working Group strives to address all issues related to club finance, to optimise resource allocation and club business management.[10]

Institutional Relations Working Group: Chaired by ECA Executive Board Member Ivan Gazidis (Arsenal FC), the Institutional Relations Working Group seeks to strengthen the ECA position and representation among different stakeholders in European football.[10]

Marketing & Communication Working Group: Chaired by Aurelio De Laurentiis (SSC Napoli), the Marketing & Communication Working Group oversees issues on club football marketing, communication and promotion, and aims to define a coherent and up-to-date strategy around commercial opportunities.[10]

Youth Working Group: Chaired by ECA Executive Board Member Edwin van der Sar (Ajax), the Youth Working Group attempts to stimulate, develop and protect the grassroots of European club football.[10]

Expert Panels

Legal Advisory Panel: tasked with bringing together legal experts and arbitration members of ECA Member Clubs in order to share expertise and knowledge and act as a mediator for any Member Club dispute.[11]

Financial Fair Play Panel: charged with collaborating with UEFA in order to further elaborate, implement and assess the UEFA Club Licensing and Financial Fair Play Regulations.

Statutory Affairs Panel: Entrusted with dealing with and analyzing membership applications, issues of eligibility of Members and the interpretation and application of the ECA Statutes.

Committees

Social Dialogue Committee: Ensures a close relationship between ECA, European Leagues, FIFPro Division Europe, UEFA and the European Commission in order to agree common solutions on matters concerning employment in football.[12]

Women's Football Committee: Created in 2013, the overall objective of the Women's Football Committee (WFC) is to act as a platform where issues related to women's women's football, be it on a European or on a worldwide level, are discussed. The WFC is composed of representatives from ECA Member Clubs with a Women's section, as well as representatives from Women's Football clubs without a direct link to ECA Membership. The WFC Members are appointed by the ECA Executive Board based on a proposal by the WFC Chairman. The Committee is currently chaired by ECA Executive Board Member and Olympique Lyonnais President Jean-Michel Aulas. The vice-Chairwoman is Linda Wijkström from Elitfotboll Dam. The 42 members, with the non-ECA member clubs marked in italics, are as follows:

KFF Vllaznia (ALB), Sturm Graz (AUT), RSC Anderlecht (BEL), SFK 2000 Sarajevo (BIH), AC Sparta Praha (CZE), SK Slavia Praha (CZE), Apollon Ladies FC (CYP), Brøndby (DEN), Fortuna Hjørring (DEN) Arsenal Ladies (ENG), Manchester City Ladies (ENG), Chelsea Ladies (ENG), Club Atlético de Madrid (ESP), Athletic Club (ESP), FC Barcelona (ESP) Nõmme Kalju FC (EST), HJK Helsinki ry (FIN), Olympique Lyonnais Féminin (FRA), Paris Saint-Germain (FRA), Montpellier Hérault Sport Club (FRA), Paris FC (FRA), 1. FFC Turbine Potsdam (GER), Bayern Munich (GER), Ferencvárosi TC (HUN), UMF Stjarnan (ISL), Fiorentina Women's FC (ITA), Juventus FC (ITA), Birkirkara (MLT), AFC Ajax (NED), Linfield FC (NIR), Stabæk FK (NOR), KKPK Medyk Konin (POL), PFC CSKA Moskva (RUS), MŠK Žilina (SVK), Elitdamfotbal (SWE), Linköpings FK (SWE), Djurgårdens IF (SWE), Zürich Frauen (SUI).[13]

Achievements

Under a Memorandum of Understanding signed by UEFA in 2008, the European Club Association was recognized as the sole body representing the interests of clubs at European level. As part of the Memorandum of Understanding, UEFA also agreed to distribute every four years an amount from the UEFA European Championship to national associations for them to pass on to their clubs who have contributed to the successful staging of a European Championship. The target distribution amount for Euro 2008 is €43.5 million (US$62.8 million), with the payments made on a "per day per player" basis of approximately €4,000.[3] As part of the planned moves, UEFA and FIFA will also enter into a series of commitments to the clubs, including financial contributions for player participation in European Championships and World Cups, subject to the approval of their respective bodies.[7]

A renewed Memorandum of Understanding for the period 2012–2018 was signed on 22 March 2012 between ECA and UEFA at the occasion of the XXXVI Ordinary UEFA Congress. The memorandum was signed by ECA Chairman Karl-Heinz Rummenigge and UEFA President Michel Platini. It paves the way for a fruitful relationship between European clubs and Europe's football governing body, reflecting an improved balance between national team and club football. The new MoU supersedes the 2008 MoU and is now in effect until 30 May 2018.[14] The four key topics of the new MoU are as follows:

International Match Calendar

The International Match Calendar, a key topic of discussions, makes the release of national team players compulsory for clubs on the dates it highlights. The 2014–18 International Match Calendar is based on a concrete proposal put forward by ECA, and the efforts of a dedicated working group comprising representatives from ECA, European Leagues, FIFPro, and UEFA. The working group's recommendation, acknowledged by FIFA, offers a more balanced system of nine double-headers over two years with no single friendly matches and is beneficial for both clubs and national associations.[14]

Insurance for Players' Salaries

The Club Protection Program, initially put in place at the expense of UEFA to cover the Euro 2012 in Poland and Ukraine, has since been taken over at FIFA's expense following the approval by the FIFA Congress in Budapest in May 2012.[15] It now covers all clubs that release players for national A-team matches listed on the International Match Calendar, including a FIFA commitment to insure the football tournament of the Olympic Games.[14] The Club Protection Program provides compensation for clubs in the event that national A-team players participating for their national association suffer a temporary total disablement (TTD) as a result of bodily injuries caused by an accident. Players are insured up to a maximum of one year from the day of the excess period (= date of injury + 27 days) and a maximum of €7.5 million.[16]

Distribution for EURO Benefits

As stipulated in the 2008 MoU between ECA and UEFA, the UEFA Executive Committee agreed to set aside provisions of €43.5 million for Euro 2008 in Switzerland and Austria, and €55 million for Euro 2012 in Poland and Ukraine.[17] With the renewal of the MoU, the benefits for clubs releasing players for the Euro 2012 have increased to €100 million and are set to increase again to €150 million for Euro 2016.[14] In view of the increased amounts of benefits received by clubs, UEFA and ECA have elaborated a new distribution mechanism. The main objective of this distribution mechanism is to have a fair and balanced system, ensure increased benefit for all clubs compared to previous tournaments, and guarantee more clubs are entitled to receive a share of the benefits. For the Euro 2012, the total amount of €100 million was split between the final tournament (60%) and the qualifying phase (40%). This new distribution mechanism led to 578 clubs receiving varying amounts of compensation from UEFA for their part in releasing players for qualifying matches and the final tournament, a significant increase from the 181 clubs who received a share after the UEFA EURO 2008.[14]

Governance

Finally, the new MoU has also granted a greater influence for clubs in the decision-making processes at UEFA. In the future, clubs are guaranteed to have their voices heard and that no decision directly affecting club football will be taken without their prior consent. ECA representatives from the Executive Board are appointed in both the UEFA Executive Committee, UEFA Club Competitions Committee, UEFA Professional Football Strategy Council and the UEFA Women's Football Committee.[14]

Education

Club Management Guide (CMG)

Published for the first time in 2015 the Club Management Guide[18] aims to spread the knowledge and know-how of club management between football clubs in Europe, as well as offering a practical benchmark in which clubs can learn from. The CMG reviews different aspects of club management such as a club's sporting, business and community activities, as well as internal and external environments and strategy development. The CMG is compiled using personal experiences, case studies, graphs, written content and key lessons learned. The CMG does not claim to have a perfect template for how a football club should be run, it looks to offer effective insights and the sharing of real life examples for the benefit of clubs.

Club Management Programme (CMP)

The CMP[19] was created by the requests of clubs for clubs and as a follow up to the Club Management Guide. The CMP aims at strengthening the knowledge of ECA Member Clubs in all areas of club management through the sharing of relevant expertise and know-how. The programme runs for over a year and a half, during this time there are six interactive seminars based around a different topic of club management in some of the top football venues around Europe. The seminars are a mix of academic and professional presentations, club case studies as well as interactive group working sessions. The programme enables participants to expand their knowledge on club football as well as sharing their personal experiences.

Publications

ECA Club Management Guide

Community & Social Responsibility Report

In September 2011, the European Club Association published its first Community & Social Responsibility (CSR) Report. The aim of this publication was to present the beneficial work of European football clubs in the field of CSR. The report is a collection of 54 ECA Member clubs’ CSR projects. All projects underline that football, and sport in general, have an important social and educational role to play.

ECA Legal Bulletin

As of 2011, the European Club Association has published a yearly Legal Bulletin, outlining key recurrent legal issues faced by club representatives. The legal bulletins aim to provide support and advice to clubs on how to deal with particular problems regarding training compensation, dealing with clubs in administration, third party ownership, etc....

ECA Report on Youth Academies in Europe

In September 2012, ECA published a Report on Youth Academies in Europe,[20] which acts as a benchmark and provides a comparable perspective that underlines different approaches and philosophies of youth academies across Europe.

ECA Study on the Transfer System in Europe

In March 2014, ECA published a study on the transfer system, which offers an in-depth overview of all the incoming and outgoing transfer transactions involving European clubs over a two-year period. The ECA Executive Board mandated PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC) and LIUC University to carry out this work.

ECA Women's Club Football Analysis

In 2014, ECA published an analysis on Women's Football. This report of the ECA analyses women's football from a club perspective. Topics such as women's club structure, relations with stakeholders as well as key success and constraint factors in the women's game are addressed.

ECA Club Management Guide (see education)

Published in 2015, this publication is a unique mixture of practical and conceptual football club management, focusing on club core activities, environment and strategies. The ECA Club Management Guide is a collation of club representatives’ practical experiences in managing a football club. An extract is available in 9 languages.

Founding members

The following 16 clubs founded the ECA in 2008:

All ECA members

Ordinary Member Clubs (109) are marked in italics[21]

Country Football clubs
 Albania (3) Kukësi  Vllaznia  Partizani
 Andorra (2) Sant Julià  Santa Coloma
 Armenia (3) Pyunik  Banants  Alashkert
 Austria (4) Red Bull Salzburg  Austria Wien  Rapid Wien  Sturm Graz
 Azerbaijan (3) Qarabağ  Neftchi  Gabala
 Belarus (3) BATE Borisov  Dinamo Minsk  Shakhtyor Soligorsk
 Belgium (5) Anderlecht  Club Brugge  Standard Liège  Gent  Genk
 Bosnia and Herzegovina (3) Sarajevo  Široki Brijeg  Željezničar
 Bulgaria (4) Botev Plovdiv  Levski Sofia  Ludogorets Razgrad  CSKA Sofia
 Croatia (3) Dinamo Zagreb  Rijeka  Hajduk Split
 Cyprus (4) APOEL  Apollon Limassol  Anorthosis Famagusta  Omonia
 Czech Republic (5) Slavia Prague  Viktoria Plzeň  Sparta Prague  Slovan Liberec  Teplice
 Denmark (7) Copenhagen  Esbjerg fB  Nordsjælland  Odense  Brøndby  Aalborg BK  Midtjylland
 England (10) Manchester United  Chelsea  Arsenal  Liverpool  Manchester City  Tottenham Hotspur  Aston Villa  Everton  Leicester City  Newcastle United
 Estonia (2) Levadia Tallinn  Flora Tallinn
 Faroe Islands (4) HB Tórshavn  EB/Streymur  B36 Tórshavn  NSÍ Runavík
 Finland (2) HJK  FC Inter Turku
 France (8) Lyon  Bordeaux  Marseille  Paris Saint-Germain  Lille  Montpellier  Rennes  Saint-Étienne
 Georgia (1) Dinamo Tbilisi
 Germany (11) Bayern Munich  Schalke 04  Borussia Dortmund  Werder Bremen  VfB Stuttgart  Bayer Leverkusen  Borussia Mönchengladbach  Eintracht Frankfurt  Hannover 96  Hamburger SV  VfL Wolfsburg
 Gibraltar (1) Lincoln Red Imps
 Greece (6) AEK Athens  Olympiacos  Atromitos  Asteras Tripolis  Panathinaikos  PAOK
 Hungary (4) Debrecen  Budapest Honvéd  Ferencváros  Videoton
 Iceland (3) KR Reykjavík  FH  Keflavík
 Israel (5) Maccabi Tel Aviv  Hapoel Be'er Sheva  Maccabi Haifa  Beitar Jerusalem  Bnei Yehuda Tel Aviv
 Italy (10) Internazionale  Milan  Roma  Juventus  Atalanta  Fiorentina  Napoli  Sampdoria  Udinese  Lazio
 Kazakhstan (3) Aktobe  FK Shakter Karaganda  Irtysh Pavlodar
 Kosovo (2) Drita  Prishtina
 Latvia (2) Ventspils  Skonto
 Lithuania (3) Žalgiris  Sūduva  Trakai
 Liechtenstein (1) Vaduz
 Luxembourg (2) F91 Dudelange  Grevenmacher
 North Macedonia (3) Rabotnički  Vardar  Shkëndija
 Malta (2) Valletta  Birkirkara
 Moldova (3) Sheriff Tiraspol  Zimbru Chișinău  Dacia Chișinău
 Monaco (1) Monaco
 Montenegro (2) Budućnost Podgorica  Zeta
 Netherlands (8) PSV  Ajax  Twente  AZ  Feyenoord  Heerenveen  Utrecht  Vitesse
 Northern Ireland (4) Linfield  Cliftonville  Crusaders  Glentoran
 Norway (6) Rosenborg  Molde  Brann  Lillestrøm  Vålerenga  Viking
 Poland (5) Lech Poznań  Legia Warsaw  Wisła Kraków  Ruch Chorzów  Śląsk Wrocław
 Portugal (5) Benfica  Sporting CP  Porto  Marítimo  Braga
 Ireland (2) St Patrick's Athletic  Shamrock Rovers
 Romania (4) Steaua București  CFR Cluj  Astra Giurgiu  Pandurii Târgu Jiu
 Russia (5) CSKA Moscow  Zenit Saint Petersburg  Rubin Kazan  Spartak Moscow  Lokomotiv Moscow
 San Marino (3) Tre Fiori  Murata  Tre Penne
 Scotland (5) Celtic  Motherwell  Aberdeen  Hearts  Rangers[note 1][22]
 Serbia (3) Partizan  Red Star Belgrade  Vojvodina
 Slovakia (4) MŠK Žilina  Slovan Bratislava  Ružomberok  Trenčín
 Slovenia (3) Maribor  Domžale  Olimpija Ljubljana
 Spain (9) Real Madrid  Barcelona  Atlético Madrid  Sevilla  Valencia  Villarreal  Athletic Bilbao  Málaga  Real Sociedad
 Sweden (6) Helsingborgs IF  IF Elfsborg  Djurgårdens IF  IFK Göteborg  AIK  Malmö FF
  Switzerland (6) Basel  Zürich  Young Boys  Thun  Grasshopper  Sion
 Turkey (5) Galatasaray  Trabzonspor  Bursaspor  Fenerbahçe  Beşiktaş
 Ukraine (4) Shakhtar Donetsk  Dynamo Kyiv  Dnipro  Chornomorets Odesa[23]
 Wales (2) The New Saints  Bangor City

See also

Notes

  1. Due to the liquidation in 2012 of the company that formerly ran the club, Rangers were not permitted to continue their full membership of the ECA. However Rangers FC was entitled to associated membership of ECA as considered to be a founding member with its history intact.

References

  1. Membership - ECA ecaeurope.com
  2. "About ECA".
  3. 1 2 "UEFA hails creation of European Club Association". Archived from the original on 2009-03-02. Retrieved 2008-02-06.
  4. 1 2 3 "Agreement heralds new era in football".
  5. "Rummenigge to chair ECA".
  6. "G-14 football group is disbanded". 15 February 2008 via news.bbc.co.uk.
  7. 1 2 "FIFA.com - Victory for football as a whole".
  8. "European Club Association: The New Voice of the Clubs". Archived from the original on 2008-02-15. Retrieved 2008-02-06.
  9. "uefa.com: European Club Forum".
  10. 1 2 3 4 5 6 ECA Working Groups Archived 2013-06-08 at the Wayback Machine
  11. "What is Social Dialogue Committee?" (PDF).
  12. "ECA Women's Football Committee kicks off in London".
  13. 1 2 3 4 5 6 ECA Memorandum of Understanding 2012 Archived 2014-07-13 at the Wayback Machine
  14. FIFA.com (25 May 2012). "FIFA Congress fully backs reform process, appoints first woman to Executive; welcomes South Sudan as 209th FIFA member".
  15. UEFA and ECA Memorandum of Understanding 2012 Archived 2013-10-14 at the Wayback Machine
  16. "Memorandum of Understanding 2008" (PDF).
  17. "ECA launches Club Management Guide".
  18. "Club Management Programme".
  19. "European Club Association publishes Report on Youth Academies". Archived from the original on 2012-09-25. Retrieved 2012-09-26.
  20. "ECA Members".
  21. "European clubs body downgrades Rangers' status but recognises history". STV Sport. STV Group. 14 December 2012. Retrieved 14 December 2012.
  22. "ФК "Черноморец" вошел в Ассоциацию европейских клубов  Официальный сайт ФК Черноморец". www.chernomorets.odessa.ua.
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